Two writers, Salam Morcos and Andre Roberge, debate what progressives must do to win. Should progressives stay with the Democratic Party and seek to move it to the left from within? Or should they leave the Party and help build a viable third party that would compete with, if not replace, the world’s oldest active party?
Salam Morcos: Before we debate on what we disagree about, it’s important to note the areas where we agree. We both agree that the two party system is undemocratic, decreases voter participation, and feeds on people’s fears and not desires. We also agree that the ultimate goal is to enact progressive legislations that would see the United States join the rest of the world in providing healthcare to all of its citizens as a right, as well as increasing the minimum wage, removing the influence of money in politics, aggressively fighting climate change, reforming the criminal justice system, and ending the endless wars that cost the lives of many, in the U.S. and abroad.
Where we disagree, however, is the strategy on how to get there. Andre, why do you think that progressives should pack their bags and leave the Democratic Party?
Andre Roberge: Think of a divorce hearing… Each side in the matter presumably, for the sake of argument, wants to gain the most in the preceding for their own individual gain. Does it not make the most sense to start your argument/ask in the most aggressive position possible?
If we map this analogy onto the Democratic Party it should be readily apparent that they are not, even by their own non-binding platform, the farthest left/progressive we would like. Thus, given their starting positions, the policy they propose will undoubtedly fall short.
That is, unless there was a mass movement of people organizing around specific progressive legislation outside of the party. Alex Press, in her appearance on The Takedown with Nick, outlined moments in history in which politicians were literally dragged to the left, forced to meet the demands of mass movements.
Locally, in Seattle, where I live, I’ve seen the same situation playing out; From the Fight for $15 an hour minimum wage to this past week’s historic “Tax the Rich” income tax. Seattle didn’t become the first major city to implement a $15 minimum wage because Democrats/politicians suddenly thought it was a good idea, instead, as reported by Philip Locker, it was a mass movement supported by a “coalition of labor unions…teach-ins, conferences, posters, and major marches for $15 on Martin Luther King Day in January and on May Day.” Same goes for the movement for $15 in Ontario.
"The announcement didn’t happen just because the Liberals (Ontario Liberal Party) saw the light of day and decided to do the decent thing."
— Progressive Action (@ProgActNet) July 17, 2017
"This wouldn’t have happened but for the pressure of the $15 movement that developed from below."
— Progressive Action (@ProgActNet) July 17, 2017
Thus, to sum up, we as a people must come together and force the political body to meet our demands. In this respect, it doesn’t matter whether or not the politicians that eventually pass the legislation are Democrats or Republicans, etc… Instead, it’s about the power of collective action shaping the future.
Morcos: I certainly agree that a “mass movement of people organizing” is key for any hope of real progressive change, and that holds true at every level of government. I also agree that the coalition in these mass movements does not need to be affiliated with any specific party.
But for any legislation to be passed, you must have a majority of politicians willing to vote for it; representatives who would – using your own words – “be literally dragged to the left.” I hope we can agree that not every politician can be “dragged” to the left. Certainly not Republicans. Good luck convincing Jim Inhofe (R-OK) to support measures to tackle climate change. Not to mention that a Republican Speaker of the House will not let progressive legislation get a hearing in the first place.
In every example when a progressive legislation was passed, like the ones you just mentioned, it was predominantly Democrats who cast their “yes” vote in the end after being “dragged” by a mass movement.
My point is that for progressives to win, they need to have a majority of progressives in Congress regardless of party affiliation. If you can show how a progressive third party, or a coalition of third parties, can become viable in the United States, I’ll concede this debate instantaneously.
Roberge: As purported by Nick Nowlin, and echoed by Bruce A. Dixon in his article, “Politicians are elected and selected, but mass movements transform societies.” In other words, politicians are mere placeholders who do the will of the people (when they exert their power). My larger point that I initially tried to make above is that those holding elected office need not be anyone in particular (Republican/Democrat) for change to occur. Dixon, to his credit, says it better and more succinctly than I:
Mass movements exist outside electoral politics, and outside the law, or they don’t exist at all. Mass movements are never respecters of law and order. How can they be? A mass movement is an assertion of popular leadership by the people themselves. A mass movement aims to persuade courts, politicians and other actors to tail behind it, not the other way around. Mass movements accomplish this through appeals to shared sets of deep and widely held convictions among the people they aim to mobilize, along with acts or credible threats of sustained and popular civil disobedience.
To further illustrate this point, and show how change occurs without ‘a progressive being elected’ we’ll move away from legislation and examine a significant court decision. I was at the rally before Seattle City Council’s vote on their ‘Tax the Rich’ income tax. It is widely speculated that the ordinance passed by the city council will get challenged in court. Kshama Sawant spoke to that challenge, at the rally, by looking at past pivotal court cases, specifically Roe v. Wade. She emphasized that Roe v. Wade was not decided because a new judge was appointed to the Supreme Court, but because of a mass movement. She makes the same assertion with gay marriage legalization by the courts. She brought these cases up to illustrate the point that if there is a mass movement in Seattle, and we fill the courtrooms we can and will make the court bend to our will. Sawant concluded:
How was it that woman’s abortion rights and marriage equality were won? It didn’t happen because courts led the way, it was because courts had to follow mass movements.
Morcos: I couldn’t agree more that mass movements are the antidote to the problem. I explained in an op-ed the need for a political revolution, and how pundits don’t understand it. But I disagree with you when you say that “those holding elected office need not be anyone in particular (Republican/Democrat) for change to occur.” Republicans can never be agents of progressive change (at least not in my lifetime). Noam Chomsky explained to me why that is the case:
The gridlock in Congress results from the fact that the Republicans over the years have ceased to be a normal parliamentary party. The highly respected conservative political commentator Norman Ornstein describes them as a “radical insurgency” that has abandoned parliamentary politics. That’s the result of their shift to the far right since the Reagan years, with total dedication to extreme wealth and corporate power. They can’t get votes that way, so have had to mobilize a base of evangelical Christians, ultranationalists, terrified little men who think they’d better carry an assault rifle into Starbucks to protect themselves, etc.
That Republican base, who I call “single-issue” voters, will vote Republican even when they agree with progressives on many issues, and even when they join the mass movements you speak about. I know many who support Medicare for All but still voted for every Republican down the ballot, knowing quite well that the GOP intends to repeal Obamacare! So no, Republicans on Capitol Hill couldn’t care less if millions marched outside calling for Medicare for All. Rand Paul is not going to vote for it. Period. The only way is to win back the House and the Senate. There’s no other option.
As the United States has a First-Past-The-Post system, coupled with a strong Republican base, the U.S. is doomed to have a two-party system unless the electoral system is changed. In political science, this is called the “Duverger’s law.” The only way third parties can compete in an FPTP system is if the Right-wing was splintered among multiple parties. That’s why I think that progressives must make changing the electoral system through ballot initiative a top priority.
The last election was a perfect example. Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump held record-breaking unfavorability ratings. There couldn’t have been a better time for the Green Party and other third parties to challenge the two parties. Yet in the end, I saw to my shock that Jill Stein, who I supported, received just 1% of the popular vote. This is despite the fact that over 35 states are considered safe states, and voting for a third party wouldn’t have risked a Trump or a Clinton election. Even in the safest of safe states (California, Texas, New York, D.C., etc.), Jill Stein did extremely poorly. None of this is to fault Jill Stein. Her platform was more powerful than that of Bernie Sanders. But in the end, people chose to vote out of fear, and not out of choice.
I also think that the Democratic establishment cannot wait for progressives to exit the party. You’d be doing them a huge favor. Tom Perez and Debbie Wasserman Schultz will send you a thank you card. Sure, they might not win the House and the Senate, but as Bernie Sanders described the establishment:
There are some people in the Democratic Party who want to maintain the status quo. They would rather go down with the Titanic so long as they have first-class seats.
So my recommendation is to put all efforts to conquer the Democratic Party. Not passively, by just casting votes for them, but by actively fighting to make sure progressive candidates win primary after a primary. That’s why I applaud the work of Justice Democrats, Our Revolution, and Brand New Congress.
— Our Revolution (@OurRevolution) July 18, 2017
And I’ll conclude by saying that I don’t see this as a dichotomy. One can remain within the Democratic Party and work hard to nominate progressive candidates across the board, while at the same time supporting, donating, and volunteering for third parties.
Roberge: Voting for politicians is just part of the process. I’m not attempting to say it holds no utility. The day after an election there is still work to do. Making elections the “centerpiece” of a winning strategy is problematic in my eyes because people will get the wrong idea about how change occurs and possibly develop a savior complex, meaning to me, if we just get the right person in office then everything will be okay.
Beyond dragging politicians to the left, as I’ve argued can be done via mass movements, the ballot itself is another avenue that doesn’t require a “Democratic” majority. For example, in my state of Washington, you can gather signatures to put proposed legislation on the ballot. We currently have a Republican-controlled state senate but passed an initiative to raise our state’s minimum wage.
Another option yet to be discussed, bipartisanship. Earlier this month, Washington State passed bipartisan legislation for paid family leave to take care of a baby or elderly family member. Not only that, the initiative is disbursed at a progressive rate:
The benefit amount will be determined on a progressive scale, a first in the United States, with low-wage workers receiving up to 90 percent of their salary or wages while on leave. Once a worker qualifies for the program, the worker can change jobs without losing coverage. The statewide program’s portability better accommodates a modern workforce in which workers change jobs with increasing frequency.
You must be thinking, bipartisanship, what, did they get a couple of Republicans to vote on this? The bill passed the Senate on a 37-12 vote (24 Democrats) and the House of Representatives on a 65-29 (50 Democrats) vote.
It’s not enough to elect Democrats or progressives and, as such, it shouldn’t be the centerpiece toward enacting progressive policy. If you want the policy, then that’s what you should focus on. For example, if you want “rent control” start building around it by accomplishing easier, more tangible goals, like a tenant’s bill of rights and slowly build on it. Pass legislation that limits the amount landlords can charge in fees. Pass legislation that makes landlords pay the relocation fees associated with displacing a tenant if they raise the rent and so on…
There is a lot of work to be done; electing politicians alone won’t get us there. Be creative, be active, and be encouraged. When we fight, we win.
What’s your opinion? Share your comments with us.